Axminster Carpet A machine-woven carpet where an enormous variety of colors are used to produce colorful patterns.
Berber Carpet The term Berber
is applied to carpet that has the off-white, heathered look of cloaks
used by the Berber tribes of North Africa. Berber carpets use flecked
yarns most often in loop styles. The size of the loops varies from
large nubby ones to smaller styles. Patterned Berbers are
multi-level-loop as well as cut-and-loop styles. Berber styles are also
available in pastels and dark tones as well as naturals. Binding A strip sewn over a carpet edge for protection against unraveling. Carpet is bound to form rugs. Broadloom A term
originally used to denote carpet produced in widths wider than six
feet. Today carpet comes in 6-foot, 12-foot, and 15-foot widths. Brocade A carpet or rug
in which a raised pattern or engraved effect is formed using heavy
twisted yarn tufts on a ground of straight fibers.
Carpet Backing Fabrics or yarns
forming the back of the carpet as opposed to the carpet pile or face.
In tufted carpets, there are two backings: a primary backing into which
the pile yarn is inserted and a secondary fabric backing laminated to
the back of the carpet for reinforcement and dimensional stability. Carpet Cushion A variety of
materials placed under carpet to provide softness and longer wear when
it is walked on. In some cases, the carpet cushion is attached to the
carpet when it is manufactured. Terms also used: lining, padding, or
underlay. Carpet Pile Fibers that form the upper surface of carpet. Carpet Squares Loose laid or self-adhesive backed "tiles" of carpet. Ceramic Tile Made from clay
or a mixture of organic materials, ceramic tile is finished by kiln
firing. Made in many shapes and sizes, it is glazed or unglazed. For
floors, tiles are set in a cement or mortar type mixture. Cork Flooring One of the
earliest of modern resilient floor coverings, the flooring is made from
the bark of cork oak trees, a replenishable material. Cork flooring is
available in tiles and sheets. Varieties of natural unfinished cork,
waxed cork, resin-reinforced waxed and vinyl impregnated cork come in
many colors including natural shades. Cut-and-Loop Carpet A multi-level
loop carpet, where the taller loops are sheared. The resulting uncut
loops and sheared top loops create a sculptured pattern. The texture
and often subtle, variegated colorings help hide soil and traffic wear. Cut Pile The face of a carpet where the surface is composed of cut ends of yarn.
Flat Weave Flat Weave rugs
and carpets are flat woven items traditional to India, made of cotton
or silk. They are noted for soft colorations and varied patterns. Frieze (Pronounced
"free-zay") A tightly twisted yarn is used to give a rough, nubby
appearance to carpet pile. Frieze carpets may be loop or cut styles.
Glazed Tile Clay shaped into
tiles, fire-hardened, and then covered with a matte or glossy glaze to
make the tiles more resistant to moisture.
Hooked Rug Rugs made by
pulling yarns or fabric strips through a mesh backing. Many are
designed in various colors to create a scene or design.
Indoor/Outdoor Carpet Carpet designed to be used outdoors.
Kilim or Kelim A flat, woven rug, usually reversible.
Laminate Flooring Laminates have a
dense fiberboard core with a paper pattern layer sealed both top and
bottom under high pressure with a plastic-like substance. Sold as
planks and panels in wood, stone, tile, and other looks. Level Loop Carpet A carpet style - woven or tufted - with a same-height loop surface. Linoleum One of the first
resilient floors, it was introduced in the 1800s. Made of linseed oil,
gums, cork, or wood dust and pigments. Often the term is used
incorrectly to describe resilient floors made of vinyl. Loop Carpet Carpet style having a surface made up of uncut loops. Luxury Vinyl Tile Luxury vinyl
tile is exceptionally enduring and is available in a limitless
selection of artistic designs and designs inspired by nature, such as
stone, marble and wood. The durable construction of luxury vinyl tile
includes a protective wear layer which resists scuffs, tears, gouges,
rips and scratches. Additionally, luxury vinyl tile is affordable,
durable, resilient, resistant to water, and can be installed virtually
anywhere in your home. Suitable for both residential and commercial
Marble Limestone flooring known for its elegant appearance created by polishing its very hard surface. Now available in tiles. Mosaic Tile Small ceramic
tile, hard porcelain or glass, glazed or unglazed mounted on a backing
for ease of installation. Often mosaic tiles are used to create designs
for walls and floors.
Oriental Rug Hand-woven or
hand-knotted rugs native to the Middle or Far East, available in many
patterns and known for their colorations. Many machine-made rugs, made
using Oriental rug designs, are also referred to as Oriental rugs. Outdoor Carpet Carpet designed
to be used outdoors on patios, walks and decks. Usually made of
polypropylene to withstand the weather and ultra-violet rays of the
sun, most outdoor carpet is designed for glue-down installation.
Patterned or Printed Carpet Carpet having
patterns applied by methods similar to printing paper. These include
flatbed screen printing, rotary screen printing, Stalwart printing and
modern computer programmed jet printing. Pile The upright ends
of yarn, whether cut or looped, that form the wearing surface of
carpets or rugs. Sometimes called the face or nap of the carpet. Plank Flooring Wood flooring made of long boards more than 3 inches wide. Plush Carpet A smooth, dense,
cut pile carpet in which individual tufts are only minimally visible,
and the overall visual effect is a single level of fiber ends.
Quarry Tile Glazed or unglazed ceramic tile made using an extrusion process. An example is the terra-cotta squares used in the Southwest.
Rag Rug A sturdy, colorful rug hand-woven from cotton scraps. Random-sheared Carpet Textured pattern created by shearing some of the top or higher loops and leaving others looped. Remnant A short piece of carpet from a roll of carpet that usually measures less than nine feet long. Resilient Floor Smooth surfaced
flooring (tiles, strips, or sheet goods) manufactured by first
combining a plastic material with filler and pigments, and then
processing them into sheets of different thickness. If a backing
material is used, the plastic sheet is joined to the backing. Types
include solid vinyl, backed or cushioned vinyl, rubber, cork, and
linoleum. Rubber Flooring Today rubber
flooring tiles and sheet goods are made from synthetic rubber. It comes
in ribbed, studded, or other raised patterns. Rug Carpet made or cut and bound into room dimensions and loose laid.
Saxony Carpet Cut-pile carpet
in a relatively dense construction, with well-defined individual tuft
tips. Smoother finished saxonies are called "plushes". Sculptured Carpet Any carpet pattern formed from high and low pile areas, such as high-low loop or cut-and-loop. Shag Carpet A deep-pile
texture with long-cut surface yarns. Shag carpet was popular in the
1970s, and a new type of contemporary shag in more up-to-date colors is
gaining in popularity today. Sisal Flooring Rugs, mats, and
matting made from sisal, a natural plant material. Available woven and
dyed in various colors, as well as machine- and hand-painted. Similar
flooring is made of jute, coconut, and sea grass. Slate A naturally
laminated rock that is often used in regular and irregular shapes, and
is embedded in cement or mortar to create a hard-surface, patterned
floor. Soil Retardant A chemical
finish applied to carpet and fabric surfaces which inhibits attachment
of soil to fiber. It is usually a topical treatment but may also be
inherent in the fiber. Solid Vinyl Flooring This
smooth-surfaced plastic floor is a mixture of vinyl resins,
plasticizer, fillers, and stabilizers with color added throughout the
product. Produced in either square tiles or sheet goods. Stain Resistant A chemical
finish applied to or inherent in carpet fibers which inhibits specific
stains from adhering to or dyeing (staining) carpet fibers. Stretch A carpet installation term for the give in carpet when it is pulled over the pad onto tackless strips. Strip Flooring Strip flooring
is made of narrow (typically2 1/4. 3-inches wide) tongue-and-groove
boards that are end-matched. Strip flooring wider than 2 1/4 inches is
called plank flooring.
Tackless Installation Where carpet is
laid over pad and stretched to fit over tack strips of wood with
implanted tacks to hold the carpet snugly to the wall. Also called
wall-to-wall installation. Terrazzo A smooth,
multicolored floor made of marble or stone chips embedded in a cement
binder, and then highly polished. Traditionally terrazzo floors are
poured and set on site, but manufactured terrazzo tiles are also
available. Tufted Carpet Carpet
manufactured by tufting machines, which insert pile tufts with needles
that penetrate a primary backing fabric, thus forming tufts. About 90%
of all North American carpet is tufted.
Vinyl Composition Tile These floor tiles are made from vinyl resins and filler materials to create resilient flooring in assorted colors and patterns.
Wilton Carpet Woven carpet made in a variety of patterns and textures but with a limited number of colors per pattern. Wood Flooring Most wood
flooring is made of hardwoods, such as oak, maple, pecan, hickory,
beech, and birch as well as beautiful exotic species. There is solid
wood flooring and laminated flooring, which combines wood layered in
different directions for strength and to inhibit shrinkage or
expansion. Most wood flooring today is prefinished at the factory for
ease of installation and uniformity of finish. Woven Carpet Looms interlace
warp (lengthwise) and filling (widthwise) yarns to create a sturdy
textile for the floor. Much woven carpet is produced in intricate,
colorful patterns. Types of woven carpet include Axminster and Wilton.